Study of Islam
April 19 2017
I. Why study/talk about Islam? Why important to me?
II. What we will cover tonight
- Define terms; discuss facts about Islam
- Mohammed, founder of Islam
III. Defining terms
- “Islam” – the name of the religion (i.e. – “Christianity”)
- “Muslim” – the name for a follower/adherent of Islam (i.e. – “Christian”)
- “Allah” – Allah is the title given to God
- “Mohammed” – the name of the founder of Islam
- “Mohammedism” – sometimes used synonymously with “Islam”
- “Quran/Koran” – for Muslims, the literal Word of God
IV. Facts about Islam
- Between 1.5 – 1.8 billion Muslims around the world
- One of the most popular, largest, fastest growing religious faiths in the world
- Not only an Arab faith—crosses all ethnic lines/groups
- Sacred places/cities – (1) Mecca, (2) Medina, and (3) Jerusalem
V. Mohammed (570 – 632 AD)
- Early Life
- Marriage and Economic Prosperity
- Preaching Prophet
- Basic belief: What God began in Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus, God brought to fulfillment through Mohammed
VI. Abraham – Genesis 12:1-7
- Quran/Koran—the sacred text of Islam
- The word of Allah was dictated through the angel Gabriel to Mohammed from an archetype preserved in the seventh heaven.
- INERRANCY in Islam (dictated exactly by Gabriel)
- Word “Koran” literally means “recitation, lecture, discourse”
- It is about 4/5 the size of the new Testament
- It is considered by Muslims to be:
- the final authority in spiritual/ethical matters
- a scientific manual
- a textbook for education (believed to be the most widely read book ever written; for besides its use for worship, it is also the text book from which practically every Muslim learns to read Arabic.
- In its beginnings, Islam was not simply a body of private religious beliefs, but it involved the setting-up of a new community, which eventually developed its own system of laws, beliefs and government.
- Islam grew very rapidly; by 640 (less than 20 years), Muslims had conquered Damascus, Jerusalem, Egypt and Persia.
- According to Islamic teachings, Mohammed was just an ordinary human being like any of us. Mohammed is not the incarnation of Allah (unthinkable to a Muslim). He is not considered to be divine.
- He is, however, held in great affection (the greatest prophet) and his honor is considered very important
*What do Muslims believe?
*What does the Koran teach about relationships with non-Muslims?
*What does Islam teach about a Holy War?
*Why is there such animosity between Christians and Muslims?
Two weeks from tonight, May 3 – Imam Arshad Anwar, religious leader of the Roswell Mosque